Gamblin Artists Colors
Greens


Since most greens in the natural world have a high degree of yellow in them, painters will appreciate the yellowy warmth of Phthalo Emerald while beautifully transparent Phthalo Green serves as the cooler or blue shade. Either Phthalo Green, completely lightfast with an extraordinary tinting strength, or Phthalo Emerald can be used to "boost" mineral colors in tints.

Cobalt Green, made from a compound of oxides of cobalt and zinc, found favor with 19th century landscape painters after 1856. Cobalt Green makes valuable greys and is especially effective for painting the American Southwest, where green should be kept to a muted minimum.

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Terre Verte: Historically used as a bole for gilding and as underpainting for flesh tones in Medieval painting (verdaccio), Terre Verte, or green earth, was made from volcanic celadonite and/or a mineral of sedimentary origin; Robert Gamblin mixed this color because true natural green earth pigment is unpredictable in color and availability. Gamblin Terre Verte is an excellent color for grisaille; it has a weak masstone and very muted tint.

Pigment: Natural hydrated iron oxide, hydrated chromium oxide, bone black (PY 43, PG 18, PBk 9)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Green Gold: For a modern pigment, Green Gold has a fairly muted, olive green masstone. Its most interesting quality is its warm, glowing transparency. Excellent for glazing. High tinting strength.

Pigment: Azomethine Yellow 56 (PY 129)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 4, SEMI-TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Sap Green: Originally made from berries, this true lightfast color is a predictable mixture that can be easily warmed with Hansa Yellows or cooled with blues.

Pigment: Diarylide yellow HR 70, copper phthalocyanine (PY 83, PB 15:1)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Olive Green: A predictable mixed earthy green of the natural world that can be used opaquely.

Pigment: Iron oxide, Arylide yellow, copper phthalocyanine (PBr 7, PY 74, PB 15:1)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, SEMI-TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Viridian: First synthesized in 1859, nontoxic Viridian replaced Verdigris and Emerald Green as a glazing color by the turn of the 20th century. It has good tinting strength, its tint muted like colors of the natural world.

Pigment: Hydrated chromium oxide (PG 18)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 4, TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Chromium Oxide Green: A muted, earthy, very opaque green used by landscape painters.

Pigment: Anhydrous chromium sesquioxide (PG17)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 3, OPAQUE, MSDS
Cadmium Green: A bright, light green mixture of Viridian and Cadmium Yellow. Opaque and useful to make muted colors of the natural world. No health labeling required.

Pigment: Concentrated cadmium zinc sulfide, hydrated chromium oxide (PY 35, PG 18)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 4, OPAQUE, MSDS
Cobalt Green: An undervalued cool green with moderate masstone and very muted tint. No combination of blue and yellow will yield this unusual color of the American Southwest.

Pigment: Oxides of cobalt and zinc (PG 19)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 4, SEMI-TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Phthalo Green: A dark bluish green more closely resembles Verdigris than Viridian. First manufactured in 1927, Phthalo Green has a very high tinting strength and transparency. Consider using Phthalo Emerald, a warmer and more natural-looking color.

Pigment: Chlorinated copper phthalocyanine (PG 7)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Phthalo Emerald (Green Yellow Shade): Had this warm version of Phthalo Green been made first, Phthalo Emerald would be a very popular color today.

Pigment: Chlorinated and bromated copper phthalocyanine (PG 36)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Permanent Green Light: The color of the first shoots of spring grass-bright and warm.

Pigment: Arylide yellow, chlorinated copper phthalocyanine (PY 74, PG 7)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, SEMI-TRANSPARENT, MSDS
Emerald Green: An important color for painters who prefer the direct painting techniques of the Impressionists. This mixed color replaces the toxic arsenic-based original.

Pigment: Chlorinated and bromated copper phthalocyanine, titanium dioxide, arylide yellow (PG36, PW6, PY74)
Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil
Lightfastness I, Series 2, SEMI-TRANSPARENT, MSDS